Monday 19th of February 2018
 

Cryptanalysis and Improvement of Mutual Authentication Protocol for EPC C1G2 passive RFID Tag


Ahmed Maarof, Mohamed Senhadji, Zouheir Labbi and Mostafa Belkasmi

A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system is a contactless automatic identification system that uses small and low-cost tags. The restricted computation ability and limited memory capacity of low-cost tags make existing RFID systems vulnerable. EPC Class 1 Generation 2 (EPC-C1G2) is the most popular standard for low cost passive RFID tags, for improving security of this standard; many security schemes are designed since the release of the EPC-C1G2. In 2013 Pang et al.s, proposed an improved authentication protocol for low cost RFID systems. They claimed that this protocol is secure against various attacks. In this paper, we show that this protocol is still vulnerable against other attacks which didnt discussed by Bezhad et al. Then, an improved protocol is proposed to fix the vulnerabilities, moreover we show that the proposed protocol is conforms to EPC-C1G2.

Keywords: RFID Security, Lightweight, Authentication Protocol, Privacy, Low Cost RFID, EPC Class-1 Generation-2 Standard

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ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Ahmed Maarof
Ahmed Maarof has received M.S. degrees in Telecommunications and Microelectronics from FSTF (Faculty of Science and Technology), Fez, Morocco in 2005. Since 2012, he is working toward a Ph.D. degree at college of Engineering, National School of Computer Science and Systems Analysis (ENSIAS), Mohammed V University. His interests are security in low cost RFID security and Lightweight cryptography for Internet of things (IoTs), low power circuit design techniques for passive tags. Since 2006, Ahmed Maarof has worked as sub-Contractor hardware and software engineer for several company such as Texas instruments, ON-semiconductor, Wolfson,ST-Ericsson ,Zodiac Aerospace and Freescale , now he is a sub-contractor hardware engineer for NXP.

Mohamed Senhadji
Mohamed Senhadji is currently an Assistant Professor at the communication networks department of National School of Computer Science and Systems Analysis (ENSIAS), Mohammed V - Souissi University, Morocco. He gives several courses at ENSIAS school such Computer Architecture, Assembly, Microprocessors and Implementation Networks, Physical security and smart card. His research interests lie with the field of wireless networking, RFID technologies, Internet of Things (IoTs) and Ad-hoc networks.

Zouheir Labbi
Zouheir Labbi has received M.S. degrees in Telecommunications and Microelectronics from FSTF (Faculty of Science and Technology), Fez, Morocco in 2005. Since 2012, he is working toward a Ph.D. degree at college of Engineering, National School of Computer Science and Systems Analysiss (ENSIAS), Mohammed V University. His interests are security in low cost RFID and application of RFID technologies in Internet of things (IoTs). Since 2006, Zouheir Labbi has worked as support and software engineer for Alcatel-Lucent, now he is as software engineer at NOKIA.

Mostafa Belkasmi
Mostafa Belkasmi is a professor at National School of Computer Science and Systems Analysis (ENSIAS) ; head of Telecom and Embedded Systems Team at SIME Lab. He had PhD at Toulouse University in 1991(France). His current research interests include, RFID technologies, Internet of Things (IoTs), mobile and wireless communications, interconnections for 3G and 4G, and Information and Coding Theory.


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